Softball Handout 

It came from the American sport, baseball. It is played on a smaller diamond and with a ball that is larger and softer. They're 2 competing teams with 9-12 players each. 

INTERNATIONAL SOFTBALL FEDERATION is the governing body of all softball organizations in the world, while the Amateur Softball Association of the Philippines is for our country.

Types of Softball:
Fast Pitch - The pitcher delivers the ball at maximum speed with little to no arc
Slow Pitch - softball gives batters more dominance by making it easier for them to hit the ball

Bat - it is made out of metal or composite materials. . 
34 inches long, 2.25 inches in diameter and weights 38 ounces
Ball - the center core is made out of long fibre kapok, a mixture of cork and rubber. If internationally played, 12 - 11 inches. 
Softball Glove - all defensive players wear fielding gloves, made out of leather or similar material. Base man has extra padding but no fingers.
Others: shoes, uniform, protective equipment 

  1. Catching
  2. Throwing
  3. Batting
  4. Base Running
  5. Pitching - in base ball we use overhand. But in softball we use underhand

Basic rules

  1. TOSS COIN is done at the start to show who will be the fielding or the batter.
  2. There are 7 innings in one game.
  3. In each inning, each team bats until three batters have been put out.
  4. If four balls are called, the batter gets to advance or the first base without a liability to be put out.
  5. Base runners cannot steal bases.
  6. The player begins with an underhand pitch
  7. The batter is out if: Three strikes, the ball is bunted, fly ball is legally caught, the batter interferes with the catcher, the batter is tagged or thrown out at the first base
  8. The runner/base runner is out if: cannot lead off the base before he ball is hit, cannot slide on the 1st base, must touch each base while running, must touch the base on all fly balls that are caught, is out if hit by a batted ball while off base or while running to a base
  9. The fielders rule: Cannot stand in the baseline, or block a base runner-unless the fielder has the ball, must tag the runner on all unforced plays. Must never stand on the base while the ball is being pitched. As a pitcher, you must arch the ball at least 3 feet or at least 6 feet hight.